There are many types of flies: horse, fruit, bottle and cluster just to name a few. Each has their own habits and food preferences. However, the most common is the house fly. It is found worldwide. House flies aren’t just a nuisance in that they are effective vectors of many diseases. They have a short lifespan but reproduce in great numbers making for large populations in and around homes.
House fly maggots are the larval stage of the fly. These maggots resemble a cream colored worm with a greasy appearance. Once they emerge from the pupa stage as an adult, they are gray; about ¼ inch long and have four black stripes behind their head. They have easily seen red compound eyes.
House flies taste with their feet. They land on any type of organic matter from human food to animal waste. Each time they leave behind germs they have picked up on previous surfaces. E. coli is just one example of bacteria spread easily by this pest. They are known to transfer more than 100 different pathogens. This, along with the fact that they constantly defecate where they land make them a health-pest vector.
Closing doors, windows and other outside openings will cut down on populations inside. Tight fitting screens are necessary if windows are to be opened, along with sanitation and garbage management help keep flies from reproducing.
The fruit fly derives its name from the use of rotting fruit or vegetables to nest in. They are very small and move rather slowly.
Color – Light brown or tan
Length – 1/8”
Diet – Fruit flies love to feast on rotting fruit or vegetables. Eliminating these items can go a long way to alleviating fruit flies.
Habitat – Wherever rotting fruit or vegetables can be found, they are likely to appear. Whether homes or restaurants, they will find these rotten foods.
Impact – Since they are attracted to an unsanitary environment, especially to garbage that is open where fruit and vegetables are rotting they pose a health risk.
The housefly is one of those household pests that typically will fly around inside the home. The housefly has incredible sensitivity to sugar, much more than the human tongue and can taste with its feet.
Color – Dark Grey
Length – 1/4" with a winged oval shaped body.
Diet – Houseflies have a strictly liquid diet, since they have mouths are sponge-like. They eat by absorbing the liquids as their tongues are shaped like a straw. They do have the capability to turn some solid foods into liquid form by vomiting on it. The housefly is also very attracted to the fecal matter of pets and animals.
Habitat – They will often be found in areas that are composted, but also near or around garbage and any area where other animals can be found.
Impact – Since they can carry germs that promote diseases, it is a good idea to minimize the amount of flies allowed to enter the home.